Neimeth International Pharmaceutical Plc (NEIMET.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Pharmaceuticals sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the half year.For more information about Neimeth International Pharmaceutical Plc (NEIMET.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Neimeth International Pharmaceutical Plc (NEIMET.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Neimeth International Pharmaceutical Plc (NEIMET.ng) 2017 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileNeimeth International Pharmaceuticals Plc manufactures and markets a range of Pfizer pharmaceutical and animal health products in Nigeria. The company has one of the most modern pharmaceutical manufacturing plants in West Africa located in Oregun, Lagos. Products in its ethical range include the flagship product CIKLAVIT for the treatment of sickle disease; and Normoretic, Flexodene and Tiocosid. Products in its consumer range include well-known brands such as NCP, Pyrantin, Obron-6, Homtamin G and Pancemol. Products in its animal health care and veterinary range treatments for diseases in poultry and cattle. Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals has business interests in Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia and the Gambia. Its company head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
Curate Diocese of Nebraska The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Pittsburgh, PA Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Tags Rector Knoxville, TN Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Dr Sarah Macneil (third from right) is commissioned by former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams as a member of the Standing Committee at the Anglican Consultative Council meeting in New Zealand in 2012. Photo: ACNS[Diocese of Canberra and Goulburn] Australian church history has been made with the election of the Rev. Sarah Macneil as the first female diocesan bishop of an Anglican diocese.Macneil, who is from Canberra, has accepted her appointment as 11th bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Grafton. She will be consecrated and installed early next year.Macneil said she was “surprised, overwhelmed, humbled” to be the first Australian woman elected a diocesan bishop.“I am awed by the confidence placed in me by the [Grafton diocese] appointment board and by their willingness to be trailblazers,” she said.Macneil is a former dean of Adelaide and archdeacon in the Diocese of Canberra-Goulburn. She is presently senior associate priest at Holy Covenant in Jamison, Australian Capital Territory.Her election comes almost 20 years to the day since the first ordination of a woman in Grafton diocese which embraces the North Coast of New South Wales, extending from Port Macquarie to the Queensland border.Her consecration in Christ Church Cathedral, Grafton, early in 2014 is expected to draw a large number of people who have been prominent in the advocacy of women in leadership within the Anglican Church during the last 3o years.Colleagues describe Macneil as having a servant heart, being prayerful, possessing insight and humor, and delighting in diversity within the church.She is a life time Christian in the Anglican tradition and, before ordination, worked in Australia and abroad with the Commonwealth Departments of Foreign Affairs and Trade.Bishop-elect Macneil is a member of the Standing Committee and of the Anglican Communion. Submit an Event Listing Australia: Sarah Macneil appointed first female diocesan bishop This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector Shreveport, LA Women’s Ministry An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Press Release Service Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Youth Minister Lorton, VA The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Submit a Job Listing Featured Jobs & Calls Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Submit a Press Release Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Tampa, FL Rector Martinsville, VA An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Belleville, IL In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Featured Events Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Albany, NY Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Rector Washington, DC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Anglican Communion, Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Smithfield, NC Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Rector Collierville, TN Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York People, Director of Music Morristown, NJ Posted Nov 18, 2013 Rector Bath, NC Cathedral Dean Boise, ID
Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Elissa Redmiles, Ph.D. Student in Computer Science, University of Maryland. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Please enter your name here TAGSThe Conversation Previous articleAlonzo Williams Community Center receives grant from AT&TNext articleApopka Police Department Arrest Report Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter The Anatomy of Fear By Elissa Redmiles, University of MarylandData breaches, widespread malware attack, and microtargeted personalized advertising were lowlights of digital life in 2018.As technologies change, so does the advice security experts give for how to best stay safe. As 2019 begins, I’ve pulled together a short list of suggestions for keeping your digital life secure and free of manipulative disinformation.1. Set your boundaries and stick to themAs part of my research, I’ve recently been speaking with a number of sex workers in Europe about their digital security and privacy. One consistent thing I’ve heard from them is, “The best way to stay safe is to set boundaries.” Decide – on your own, and in advance – what data you’re willing to share with apps and online services, and stick to those limits.That way, when the latest new app asks you for a permission that oversteps what you’re willing to share, you’ll be more prepared to answer. Also set limits on the online discussions you’re willing to participate in; bow out when a discussion is hurting more than helping you. It’s even useful to set boundaries for how much time you’re willing to spend on digital security – which could be an endless task.2. Burst your filter bubblePeople who get their news primarily – or exclusively – from social media are subjecting themselves to the whims of the algorithms that decide what to display to each user.Because of how these algorithms work, those people are likely to see articles only from news sources they already like and tend to agree with. This isolation from people with other views, and from evidence that might challenge particular perspectives, contributes to unprecedented levels of partisanship and disagreement in modern society.Free online tools like AllSides and Purple Feed are some places that show news reports and social media posts from differing political perspectives, and identify information that’s generally agreed upon across the political spectrum.3. Manage your passwordsThe biggest threat to password security is no longer the strength of your passwords but the fact that many people reuse the same passwords for all, or many, of their accounts. Researchers are busy designing notifications to tell you when one of these reused passwords has been leaked to the world, but it’s safer to use different passwords, especially for your most valuable accounts.You can use password manager software. Or, use the original low-tech method, writing your passwords down on paper. Believe it or not, it’s much safer to write them down than reuse the same password everywhere. Of course, this is true only if you’re sure the people you live with or frequent visitors to your home won’t try to get into your accounts.4. Turn on multi-factor authenticationAdding an additional step for logging in to your most important social media, email and financial accounts can add lots of protection. Multi-factor authentication systems are best known for texting you a six-digit code to type in as part of your login process. While any multi-factor authentication is better than none, text messages can fairly easily be intercepted or spied on. An even safer route is to use a special code-generating app on your phone.A physical item can add login protection.BautschPeople who change phones or SIM cards often, or who want additional protection, might consider using a physical key that plugs into your computer to authorize a login. They can take a bit more time to set up initially, but then work much faster than most other methods.5. Delete apps you don’t useSmartphone apps track where you are very closely, and share your location data with advertising and marketing companies.Just carrying a phone in your pocket can give tracking companies clues to where you go and how long you stay, and technical details about your phone can offer clues to your identity.If you don’t use an app anymore, uninstall it from your phone. If you need it again, you can always reinstall it quickly – but in the meantime, it won’t be tracking you around the world and around the web.6. Keep the apps you do use up-to-dateSoftware companies don’t always know about all the vulnerabilities in their programs – and when they issue updates users don’t always know if they’re fixing a major problem or something minor. The top piece of advice experts give is to keep your software up-to-date on your computers and your mobile devices.Having spent 2018 worrying about how hackers, corporate executives and hurried programmers might be trying to exploit your data and your cognitive and digital vulnerabilities, resolve to be more secure in 2019. Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Please enter your comment!
Architects: Rob Paulus Architects Area Area of this architecture project Photographs Water Street / Rob Paulus Architects CopyHouses, Sustainability•Tucson, United States Save this picture!© Liam Frederick+ 23Curated by Fernanda Castro Share Water Street / Rob Paulus ArchitectsSave this projectSaveWater Street / Rob Paulus Architects ArchDaily Year: Manufacturers: Fiber Cement Rain Screen, Krausch, Myers Group, Ocotillo Concrete, Wents and Patrick ConstructionSave this picture!© Liam FrederickRecommended ProductsFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Architectural & FreeformEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreWoodHESS TIMBERTimber – GLT HybridText description provided by the architects. A master suite addition and new guest house are added to a long lot in a neighborhood near a major university to create new infill density in the Sonoran Desert.Save this picture!DrawingThe design concept re-interprets the existing roof slopes of the existing bungalow onsite to create new space that emphasizes natural light and open interiors. A skewed wall plane is shared by both the master suite addition and the new freestanding guest house to provide continuity and emphasis of the deep lot.Save this picture!© Liam FrederickLarge openings are oriented north while narrow vertical slits slice the east and west walls to create a constantly moving sundial effect throughout the day. Shaded courtyard areas affront the north facing glazing providing welcoming outdoor space for each unit. Energy efficiency is paramount for the small spaces with exo-rigid insulation at walls and roof, high performance soy based expanding insulation in framing cavities and a thick concrete raft slab that floats on rigid insulation to provide a thermal fly-wheel for the interiors. Save this picture!Floor planA durable enclosure system was desired by the owners and provided with integral color concrete rainscreen board that wraps the exterior wall attached with precision stainless steel fasteners. Cold rolled corrugated steel on the roof finishes the outside to establish a maintenance free enclosure system for this rental occupancy.Save this picture!© Liam FrederickThe proximity to higher education and the attention to detailing of the project create highly desirable, smart growth housing that taps into existing infrastructure and urban possibilities.Save this picture!© Liam FrederickProject gallerySee allShow lessL&M DESIGN LAB Shanghai Office / L&M DESIGN LABSelected ProjectsDrone Footage Reveals Shanghai Planetarium Construction ProgressArchitecture News Share Area: 1723 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2012 United States ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/899509/water-street-rob-paulus-architects Clipboard “COPY” Photographs: Liam Frederick Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/899509/water-street-rob-paulus-architects Clipboard Houses Projects “COPY” CopyAbout this officeRob Paulus ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsGlassSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSustainabilityTucsonUnited StatesPublished on August 23, 2018Cite: “Water Street / Rob Paulus Architects” 23 Aug 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Year: General Contractor: “COPY” United States Projects Save this picture!Courtesy of archimania+ 15Curated by Paula Pintos Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/938968/a-plus-m-residence-archimania Clipboard Architects: archimania Area Area of this architecture project Design Team:archimaniaEngineering:Chad Stewart & Associates, Structural Engineering and Engineered Comfort Solutions Inc.City:SardisCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaRecommended ProductsDoorsLibartVertical Retracting Doors – Panora ViewSinksAXORBathroom WashbasinsWoodSculptformTimber Click-on BattensWindowsJansenWindows – Janisol PrimoText description provided by the architects. An active couple wanted a clean and straightforward, yet tough and durable, retirement home. Sited in a cattle pasture in rural Mississippi, this house is a retreat for an active couple to escape busy city life. Appreciating the simple agrarian structures of the region, the clients requested a house that was simple and clean, yet tough and durable.Save this picture!Site PlanSave this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaThe owners are avid chefs and enjoy outdoor activities like cooking, biking, swimming, and dining. A linear bar forms the primary body of the house with its proportions intentionally exaggerated to create a long line when viewed from a distance. The simple form of the shed profile creates a gable when combined with the projection to the rear, which frames the pool.Save this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaSave this picture!Floor PlanSave this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaThe entry sequence begins with a courtyard that punctures the roof and is framed by the screen porch and carport. The screen porch, rear covered porch, and the outdoor dining space extend the interior space for outdoor entertaining. Visitors enter into a gallery which continues outdoors under a deep overhang along the edge of the pool. The linear organization of the interior spaces allows the inhabitants to maintain a visual connection to the pastoral landscape from any room in the house.Save this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaThe location of the dog yard and laundry were integral to the design because of the large rescue animals the owners save. A centrally located storm room with concrete walls and ceiling offers a refuge during storms and doubles as a wine cellar. Clad in galvanized metal, the house reflects the changing colors of the sky and landscape and melds into the tall pasture grass, much like the old barns of the region.Save this picture!Courtesy of archimaniaProject gallerySee allShow less35 Spring Street Residential Tower / Bates SmartSelected ProjectsSpring City 66 / Kohn Pedersen FoxSelected Projects Share CopyAbout this officearchimaniaOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOn FacebookSardisUnited StatesPublished on May 08, 2020Cite: “A+M Residence / archimania” 08 May 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Virgin Money Giving to extend Donor Covers Fee to encompass all charity charges 443 total views, 2 views today Tagged with: Virgin Money Giving AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis4 444 total views, 3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis4 Advertisement Virgin Money Giving is extending its Donor Covers Fee feature to allow anyone donating through the site to cover all fees on behalf of charities, effective from 1 September 2019.The Donor Covers Fee option currently allows donors to pay the 2% platform fee, and is being extended to allow anyone donating through the site to cover the payment processing fees as well on behalf of the charity. On average since being launched, 85% of donors have opted to use the feature to boost their donation.From 1 September, the payment processing fee will be a flat 2.5%, bringing it in line with the current costs of processing payments and other fundraising websites, and will allow Virgin Money Giving to extend donations to alternative digital payment methods.On a £10 donation, the combined fee from 1 September of 45p (20p platform and 25p payment processing fee fee) can be paid by the donor. If a donor chooses to pay these fees, on a £10 donation, the charity will receive 100% of the donation and Gift Aid, receiving £12.50 once Gift Aid is added.Jo Barnett, Executive Director at Virgin Money Giving said:“Whilst you can’t run a fundraising platform for free, you can run it without taking a profit so more goes to good causes. Over the past 18 months, we have re-engineered and enhanced the Virgin Money Giving donation experience to help charities maximise donations. As a not-for-profit business we don’t make a profit from peoples’ generosity. Our low fees only cover our operating costs. We don’t charge charities monthly fees and we don’t apply a fee for Gift Aid. This means more money goes to good causes rather than into the pockets of shareholders.“The introduction of Donor Covers Fee in 2018 has had a significant positive impact on the money charities receive through our platform. We are extending this donation to also cover our card fees meaning charities will benefit from an increase in donations if donors choose to cover the costs on the charities behalf.”Since its launch in 2009, more than 15,000 charities have registered with Virgin Money Giving and, by the end of 2018, over £700 million had been donated to charities through the service. Melanie May | 2 July 2019 | News About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.
Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Facebook WhatsApp Google+ Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Donegal County Council is to buy three new salt spreaders and eight new snowploughs to augment its winter service fleet.Members approved the move at a meeting in Lifford this week.In a report to members, Director of Roads Services John Mc Laughlin said he proposes to spend a total of €159,400 on 11 new pieces of equipment.Three new 9 cubic metre salt spreaders will be used to increase the capacity of the winter service fleet, while eight new self mounting snow ploughs will complete the replacement of the council’s snow ploughs with more modern and easier to use models.The items will be paid for through the a combination of the capital fund for plant purchase and exchequer funding.The council has been planning for the winter, with new salt barns and more reserve stocks, and members and officials are hoping these acquisitions will help ensure the disruption caused by any future cold snaps can be minimised as much as possible. Facebook Pinterest Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry By News Highland – October 27, 2012 Donegal County Council to buy new equipment for winter service fleet Twitter Twitter Pinterest Google+ 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp News 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Previous articleAppeal in case of Donegal mans murder dismissedNext articlePro-life campaigner voices concern over illegal advice given at pregnancy clinics News Highland
News UpdatesNo Proposal To Amend Official Languages Act To Include Languages Other Than Hindi & English As Official Languages, Centre Tells Rajya Sabha LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK16 Sep 2020 2:30 AMShare This – xThere is no proposal to amend Official Languages Act to include Scheduled languages other than Hindi and English as its official languages, the Centre told Rajya Sabha on Wednesday.Member of Parliament Vaiko had asked the Ministry of Home Affairs whether there is proposal to amend Official Languages Act to include Scheduled languages other than Hindi and English as…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThere is no proposal to amend Official Languages Act to include Scheduled languages other than Hindi and English as its official languages, the Centre told Rajya Sabha on Wednesday.Member of Parliament Vaiko had asked the Ministry of Home Affairs whether there is proposal to amend Official Languages Act to include Scheduled languages other than Hindi and English as its official languages, as suggested by the Supreme Court?In response to his query on how the people in the South and the Northeast, especially villagers could understand the communications, rules and regulations published by Government, the Ministry said that there is provision of three language formulae (Hindi, English and Regional Language) as per point no. 3 of Official Language Resolution, 1968 which have been prepared in consultation with the State Governments. “The order of usage of languages in the name-boards/notice-boards to be displayed for the information of the public by Central Government Offices which are located in non-Hindi speaking areas is to be in the order of (1) Regional Language, (2) Hindi, (3) English.”, the reply reads.Earlier, this year, the Bombay High Court has dismissed a petition praying to declare the Official Language Act, 1963 unconstitutional or in the alternate to quash and set aside Section 3(5) of the said act as unconstitutional.While hearing an appeal against the Delhi High Court order in the matter of Draft Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2020, the Chief Justice of India SA Bobde had orally remarked that the Central government should consider amending the Official Languages Act to include scheduled languages other than Hindi and English as official language of the Government of India “There might be people in Karnataka, Nagaland or rural Maharashtra who might not know Hindi or English. Your government should consider amending the Official Languages Act..”These days, translation is the easiest task between you and Google translator. In Parliament, any language is translated. We are also translating our judgments into vernacular languages… You [Centre] can bring your Act up to date,”, the CJI had remarked.The High court had directed the Environment Ministry to translate the draft policy in at least the languages mentioned in the VII Schedule of the Constitution, and make the same available on the website of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, as well as the respective Environment Ministries and State Pollution Control Boards of all respective states within a period of ten days. The review petition filed by the Ministry is pending before the High Court.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
News UpdatesJustice NV Ramana Congratulates Legal Aid Authorities On 25th National Legal Services Day LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK9 Nov 2020 8:43 PMShare This – xCongratulating the legal aid functionaries for their sincere dedication on the 25th National Legal Services Day, Justice N.V Ramana, Judge, Supreme Court of India and Executive Chairman said, “Today is a historic day in the legal aid movement of India. This year marks the completion of 25 years since the establishment of the National Legal Services Authority. In recent times, we have…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginCongratulating the legal aid functionaries for their sincere dedication on the 25th National Legal Services Day, Justice N.V Ramana, Judge, Supreme Court of India and Executive Chairman said, “Today is a historic day in the legal aid movement of India. This year marks the completion of 25 years since the establishment of the National Legal Services Authority. In recent times, we have faced numerous challenges, due to the pandemic. With the help of all of you, with innovative ideas, we attempted to overcome these problems. We could not have been successful in our endeavour without the wholehearted contribution of all the dedicated individuals who turn the constitutional vision of access to justice, into a reality. On this occasion, I express my deep appreciation for the continuing support from all Legal Services Institutions across the country.” The Legal Services Act of 1987 entitles women, children, SCs & STs, and Persons with Disabilities with free legal aid, irrespective of their income. This besides other categories of eligible persons including victims of natural & manmade disasters, victims of human trafficking, industrial workmen, and anybody with an annual income as prescribed the Central or State Governments . This makes around 75 percent of the country’s population eligible for free legal aid. The Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 was enforced on 9th November 1995. In these last 25 years, Legal Services Authorities have gone strength to strength in creating a more inclusive justice system. Under the guidance of the NALSA, 36 State Legal Services Authorities, 658 District Legal Services Authorities, 2277 Taluka Legal Services Committees, 39 High Court Legal Services Authorities, 47,000 Panel Advocates, and 50,000 Para Legal Volunteers are working across the country to facilitate access to justice for all. NALSA’s vision of creating a justice delivery system that is accessible to the weak and marginalised sections is reflective in its various programmes ranging from the victim compensation schemes, Lok Adalats, Legal Services Clinics, and Social Justice Litigations. These efforts are constantly evolving and adapting as per the current needs, exemplified best by the introduction of E-Lok Adalats during the ongoing pandemic. In the last 5 years alone, Legal Services Authorities have provided legal aid and advice to close to 50 lakh beneficiaries. On the occasion of Legal Services Day, various programmes were organised across the countries by SLSAs and DLSAs under the aegis of NALSA. These programmes were primarily targeted at the making people aware of the availability of free legal services and other functions of Legal services authorities. These were attended by Judicial officers, panel lawyers, PLVs and other Stakeholders. While the Delhi SLSA launched 9 projects for the marginalised sections, Chhattisgarh conducted 100 Legal Awareness Programmes, and Andhra Pradesh conducted a mega virtual Lok Adalat. In Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland, and Madhya Pradesh, Legal Awareness initiatives were undertaken to make the people aware of free legal aid services entitled to them, whereas Uttarakhand, Manipur, and Kerala organised a series of Webinars. 44 Legal Awareness camps were also conducted in Haryana. Several SLSAs also observed the celebrations in prisons, to make inmates aware about their legal rights. Tracing The Journey of Legal Aid in Independent India Legal Services Authorities have come a long way in India. On the occasion of NALSA’s 25th Anniversary, here is tracing the journey of Legal Aid in Independent India : Bombay Committee 1949 – the Committee on Legal Aid and Legal Advice was formed in Bombay to consider the question of granting legal aid in civil and criminal cases to persons with limited means. Kerala Rules 1958 – Kerala enacted the Kerala Legal Aid (to the poor) Rules, which was way ahead of its time in terms of its outlook to legal aid. It provided for legal aid by representation in cases intended to safeguard the interests workers and tenants etc. 14th Report of the Law Commission of India 1958 – The report dealt with Reforms in the Administration of Justice and dedicated an entire chapter on legal aid Central Govt Scheme of 1960 – The GoI prepared an outline for a legal aid scheme, taking into consideration the recommendations of the Bombay Committee. However the response of the states was not very encouraging, and they expressed their inability to allocate any funds for it. Third All India Lawyers Conference 1962 – The Third All India Lawyers conference made many important recommendations on Legal Aid including viewing the provision of legal aid as an obligation of the Central and state governments. National Conference on Legal Aid 1970 – It recommended the enactment of a legislation to make legal aid a statutory obligation of the State. It also called upon the courts, bar councils and law faculties to contribute in a nationwide programme to help the poor and indigent. Gujarat Committee 1970 – also known as Bhagwati Committee, it saw Legal Service Institutions and free legal aid as a socio-economic necessity in a country like ours, and recommended for free legal aid in all the courts. Expert Committee Report 1973 – Justice Krishna Iyer emphasised the need for Panchayati justice and legal aid to the rural poor, making a strong case for a network of LSIs at the national and state level, completely autonomous from government control. The Juridicare Committee 1976 – The report submitted by Justice PN Bhagwati and Justice Krishna Iyer titled ‘National Juridicare: Equal Justice – Social Justice’, suggested the decentralisation of justice and reprisal mechanisms, to strengthen the system of ‘Nyay Panchayat’. Committee for Implementing Legal Aid Schemes 1980- Envisaged to be a Central body controlled jointly by the Executive and the Judiciary for implementing legal aid schemes. In 1985 CILAS finalised a model scheme for legal aid that led to the emergence of Lok Adalats in many states.Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 – The parliament of India enacted the Act for the creation of Legal Services Authorities from the Taluka to the Supreme Court level. Enforcement of the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1995 – Enforced on 9th November, it completes 25 years today. With 36 Authorities at the State and 658 at the District levels, the Legal Services Authorities are serving people across the country. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story